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市場|土壤修復行業:一塊難啃的“蛋糕”

2018-04-24 15:48:39

DAODU

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吉林快3        DUICI,DANGDIZAI2010NIANQIDONGLEWURANTURANGXIUFUSHIDIANGONGZUO,YOUGUANFANGMIANHUABOLEZONGGONG1000WANYUANZHUANXIANGZIJIN,ZHIXIUFULE12500PINGFANGMI(20MU)BEIWURANDETUDI,ERZHEXIANGXIUFUGONGZUOQUECHIXULECHANGDA4NIANDESHIJIAN。ZUIJIN,YOUMEITIBAODAOCHENG:“4NIANHOU,WURANDETURANGBEIXIUFUDAOLEYUQIZHIBIAO,RANERZHEGEGUOCHENGQUEBINGBUQINGSONG,MEIMUJIN50WANDEXIUFUCHENGBEN、XIUFUDEFANGFAHUANBUJUBEITAIQIANGDETUIGUANGXING……”

       ZHEYECHENGWEIWOGUODANGQIANTURANGXIUFUXINGYEDEYIGESUOYING。


       中國農業科學院農業資源與農業區規劃研究所研究員、博士生導師姜文來在接受《中國產經新聞》記者采訪時表示,對于受到污染的土壤修復來說是一個漫長的過程,再加上成本較高、難度又大。再加上每塊土地所受到的污染程度及所含重金屬不一樣,因此,在土壤修復方面沒有捷徑可走。


土壤污染“告急”

       TURANGYUGONGMINDEJIANKANGXIUQIXIANGGUAN,TABUJINSHIJINGJISHEHUIKECHIXUFAZHANDEWUZHIJICHUHEGUOMINCAIFUDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,YEYUMEILIZHONGGUOHESHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEYIJIZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGGUANXIMIQIEXIANGGUAN。YINER,BAOHUHAOTURANGHUANJINGYESHITUIJINSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEHEWEIHUGUOJIASHENGTAIANQUANDEZHONGYAONEIRONG。

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難啃的“蛋糕”

        “與發達國家相比,我國土壤修復行業雖然起步較晚,但我們也有后發優勢吉林快3。例如,我們可以充分吸取發達國家的經驗和教訓,少走彎路。”姜文來說,我國科學家在上世紀80年代就關注了礦區土壤、污灌區土壤等污染問題,也做了大量研究工作,包括農業土壤背景值、全國土壤環境背景值和土壤環境容量等研究,對我國土壤背景的摸清奠定了基礎性工作。

       JIZHEZAICAIFANGZHONGLEJIEDAO,ZAOZAI1995NIAN,WOGUOJIUFABULE《TURANGHUANJINGZHILIANGBIAOZHUN》,JINJINIAN,GONGZHONGDUISHIPINANQUANDEWENTIGUANZHUDUJIAOGAO,YINER,BEIWURANDETURANGJIXUXIUFUYEBEITISHANGRICHENG。

吉林快3     ZAI2016NIAN5YUEFEN,GUOWUYUANYINFALE《TURANGWURANFANGZHIXINGDONGJIHUA》(JITUSHITIAO),SUIHOU,YIXILIEDELUOSHISHISHIXIZEYELUXUCHUTAI。

吉林快3       ZHEYIZHENGCEDEFABU,YEZAICIBIAOMINGLEGUOJIAYIJINGXIANGTURANGWURANXUANZHAN,ZHILITURANGWURANYECHENGWEIZHONGYAORENWU。

吉林快3       SUIRANGUOJIAZAIZHILITURANGFANGMIANDEZHENGCELUXUFABU,DANTURANGXIUFUXINGYESIHURENG“BUWENBUHUO”。

     據中國環境修復研究院編制的《中國修復發展白皮書》顯示,2014年,修復企業約有500家,而在2015年的土壤修復市場中,大量“闖入者”使從事土壤修復業務的企業數量將近翻了一倍,數量已經增長至900家以上。

        但與近幾年涌入土壤修復行業的企業“蛙聲一片”相比,2015年受污染的土壤修復合同卻顯得格外“沉寂”。

       JUZHONGGUOHUANJINGXIUFUYANJIUYUANYUANCHANGGAOSHENGDAJIESHAO,2014NIAN,QUANGUOTURANGXIUFUHETONGQIANYUEWEI12.74YIYUAN,2015NIANZHEYISHUZIZENGCHANGLE67%,DADAO21.28YIYUAN。

       YOUYENEIRENSHIZHICHU,21.28YIYUANDUI900DUOJIAXIUFUQIYE,JIARUPINGJUNFENPEI,MEIJIAFENEJINQUQU200DUOWAN,LINGRENTIXIAOJIEFEIDEPINGJUNSHU。

       “MUQIAN,TURANGXIUFUXINGYESUIRANSHANGJIJUDA,DANZHENGGESHICHANGDEPANZIHUANHENXIAO。”JIANGWENLAISHUO,

       首先,土壤修復科學認識和實踐上需要進一步提升,土壤污染具有隱蔽性、滯后性、累積性、不均勻性和具有難可逆性,正確地認識土壤問題并且在實踐中科學地治理還有待于進一步深化;

       其次,經濟適用、簡便高效的治理技術尚未出現,現在的治理技術投資大,時間長見效慢,治理效率不高還不能適應我國土壤污染的現實;

        再次吉林快3,土壤污染治理資金籌集困難,由于土壤污染治理效益很難在短時間內收回,效益低,土壤污染治理的投入主要靠國家或者污染企業投入,由于需要投資巨大,推動難度很大,很難有社會資本進入;

       最后,土壤污染監控體系需要進一步完善,目前土壤污染監控體系還不能完全適應土壤污染的特性和實踐需求,需要進一步統一規劃農用地土壤環境質量國控監測點位,并組織實施全國農用地土壤環境監測工作。

       YOUGUANDIANRENWEI,ZAIYIXIETURANGZHILIZHONG,QIYESUOREZHONGDEDIDUANZHUYAOSHICHENGSHIZONGDIXIUFU,ERGENGDILINGYUXIANGMURENGCHUZAISHIDIANJIEDUAN。JIBIANSHIZUOLUOZAINONGTIANZHONGJINSHUWURANZHONGDEHUNAN,CHENGJIEDUOGENONGTIANXIUFUDEQIYE,ZAIGENGDIXIUFUDEYINGLIRENGSHILIAOLIAO。

       通過業內人士的分析可以明確,雖然,土壤修復行業“蛋糕大,但吃起來卻很難。

       姜文來認為,解決“蛋糕難吃”的現狀,需要進一步探索商業模式。也就是說,如何讓商業資本在治理過程中獲得一定利潤并持續生存下去是需要著重考慮的問題。從整體情況來看,國內土壤污染治理與修復行業正處于起步發展階段,需要國家政策的推動和引導,需要建立有治理技術完備、資金雄厚的綜合能力強的土壤修復龍頭企業推進,培養一批有活力并且能持續生存的土壤污染治理的中小企業迫在眉睫。


(ZHUANZISOUHU)

 

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