吉林快3

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我國農田土壤重金屬污染防治面臨的問題與挑戰

2018-03-09 09:21:31


       1區域差異顯著

  1.1ZHONGJINSHUKONGJIANYIZHIXINGQIANG

  WOGUOFUYUANLIAOKUO,BUTONGQUYUBEIJINGZHIHELEIJILIANGCHAYIJIAODA,XUYAODALIANGWULIHERENLILAIBAWOTURANGZHENGTIWURANZHUANGKUANG。YITURANGCdHANLIANGWEILI,GESHENGFENZHONGGUIZHOUTURANGCdBEIJINGZHIZUIGAO(0.659mgkg-1),YUEWEINEIMENGGUTURANGCdBEIJINGZHI(0.053mgkg-1)DE12.4BEI。LiuDENGDUIWOGUO22GESHUIDAOZHONGZHISHENGFENTURANGCdLEIJILIANGJINXINGDIAOCHA,XIANSHIQUANGUOSHUIDAOTUCdPINGJUNHANLIANGWEI0.45mgkg-1,QIZHONGHUNANSHUIDAOTUCdPINGJUNHANLIANG(1.12mgkg-1)WEIHENANSHUIDAOTUCdPINGJUNHANLIANG(0.06mgkg-1)DE18.7BEI。

吉林快3  XIANYUCHIDUNEITURANGZHONGJINSHUBEIJINGZHIHELEIJIQINGKUANGYECUNZAIJIAODACHAYI。WOMENDUIHUNANMOUDINONGTIANDEDIAOCHAXIANSHIBUTONGXIANGZHENTURANGCdBEIJINGZHIFANWEIZAI0.08~1.2mgkg-1,XIANGCHADA15BEI。WOMENDUIGAIDIQULIANGGEDIANXINGNONGYEHUAXIANGZHENCdSHURUTONGLIANGJINXINGGUSUAN,JIEGUOXIANSHITSXIANGZHENTONGGUOGUANGAISHUIHEDAQICHENJIANGSHURUNONGTIANDECdTONGLIANGFENBIEWEIWLZHENTONGGUOXIANGTONGTUJINGSHURUNONGTIANCdTONGLIANGDE2.2BEIHE2.5BEI。

  NONGTIANTURANGZHONGJINSHULEIJILIANGHUANSHOUDAOJUGONGYEQU、KUANGQUHECHENGZHENQUDEJULI,BUTONGZHONGLEINONGCHANPINDETOURUJIQIHOUTIAOJIANDENGDUOZHONGYINSUYINGXIANG,ZHEJINYIBUCUJINLENONGTIANTURANGZHONGJINSHULEIJIDEKONGJIANBIANYI。

  1.2NONGTIANTURANGLEIXINGCHAYIMINGXIAN

吉林快3  WOGUONONGTIANTURANGLEIXINGDUOYANG,YOUYUTURANGTIAOJIAN、QIHOUTIAOJIANHEGENGZUOGUANLISHUIPINGDEBUTONG,BUTONGLEIXINGTURANGLIHUAXINGZHICHAYIJIAODA,ZHEJINYIBUJIAJULENONGTIANTURANGDEDUOYANGHUAGEJU。

吉林快3  WANGJINGUIDUIWOGUO22ZHONGDIANXINGNONGTIANTURANGCdDEXIFUJIEXITEXINGJINXINGLEYANJIU,JIEGUOXIANSHIBUTONGWENDUXIAHONGRANG、CHIHONGRANGHEHUANGRANGDENGSUANXINGTURANGLEIBIECdJIEXILVJUNZAI15%YISHANG,XIANZHUGAOYUHUIMOTUHELIGAITUDENGJIANXINGTURANGLEIBIEDECdJIEXILV(<10%)。TONGYITURANGLEIBIEZHONGZHONGJINSHUHUOXINGCHAYIYEJIAODA。RafiqDENGDUIWOGUO7ZHONGDIANXINGNONGTIANTURANGCdHUOXINGJINXINGYANJIU,JIEGUOXIANSHISUANXINGTURANGLEIBIEZHONG,FULVTUZHONGJIAOHUANTAICdHANLIANGYUEWEIHUANGRANGZHONGJIAOHUANTAICdHANLIANGDEJIN4BEI。TURANGLEIXINGDUINONGZUOWUZHONGJINSHULEIJILIANGYINGXIANGYEJIAODA。DingDENGTONGGUOPENZAISHIYANYANJIULETONGYINONGZUOWUPINZHONG(HULUOBU)ZAIWOGUO21ZHONGDIANXINGNONGTIANTURANGZHONGDESHENGCHANGQINGKUANG,FAXIANBUTONGTURANGSHOUHUODEHULUOBUDUICdHEPbDELEIJICHAYIJIN180BEIHE360BEI。RafiqDENGZHICHUWOGUO7ZHONGDIANXINGSHUIDAOTUSHOUHUODETONGPINZHONGDAOMIZHONG,CdHANLIANGCHAYIDADAO125BEI。

  1.3NONGZUOWUPINZHONGCHAYIMINGXIAN

吉林快3  BUTONGNONGZUOWUDUITURANGZHONGJINSHULEIJILIANGCHAYIJIAODA。WOMENDUIHUNANSHENGMOUDINONGTIANCdHANLIANGDECHANGQIJIANCEBIAOMING,SHUIDAOTIANCdGUYEFENPEIXISHU(Kd,PINGJUNZHIWEI29.5Lkg-1)LVEDIYUCAITIANTURANGKd(PINGJUNZHIWEI38.4Lkg-1),RANERDAOMICdFUJIYINZI(PUF,PINGJUNZHIWEI1.52)QUEGAOCHUSHUCAIPUFCd(PINGJUNZHIWEI0.15)JIN10BEI。TONGYINONGZUOWUNEIBUTONGPINZHONGDUIZHONGJINSHUFUJINENGLICHAYIYEJIAODA。

吉林快3  DuanDENGTONGGUODATIANSHIYANDIAOCHAHUNANSHENGCHANGJIANDE471GESHUIDAOPINZHONGDUIAsHECdDELEIJICHAYI,JIEGUOXIANSHIBUTONGPINZHONGDUIAsHECdLEIJICHAYIFENBIEWEI2.5BEI~4BEIHE10BEI~32BEI。GAIYANJIUHUANZHICHUYOU8GEPINZHONGBIAOXIANCHUMINGXIANDEDICdFUJITEXING,YOU6GEPINZHONGBIAOXIANCHUMINGXIANDEDIAsFUJITEXING。

吉林快3  LiuDENGYANJIULEHEBEISHENGCHANGJIANDE30GEXIAOMAIPINZHONGDUITURANGCdHEPbDELEIJICHAYI,JIEGUOXIANSHIXIAOMAIZHONGCdHEPbDEHANLIANGFANWEIFENBIEWEI0.87~6.74HE18.3~94.0mgkg-1,YOU3GEPINZHONGBIAOXIANCHUDICdFUJITEXING,4GEPINZHONGBIAOXIANCHUDIPbFUJITEXING。

  BUTONGNONGZUOWUZHONGLEIJIXIANGTONGNONGZUOWUZHONGLEIBUTONGPINZHONGDUITURANGZHONGJINSHUFUJINENGLIDECHAYIZAOCHENGXITONGGUANLINONGTIANTURANGWURANFENGXIANDEBUBIAN,DANYEWEIWURANNONGTIANDEZAILIYONGHEGENGZUOFANGSHIDIAOZHENGTIGONGLEXINDEQIJIHEFANGXIANG。

  

       2污染危害加劇

  2.1NONGTIANTURANGSUANHUAYANZHONG

吉林快3  NONGTIANTURANGSUANHUAZENGQIANGLETURANGZHONGJINSHUHUOXINGJIQIQIANYIHEKUOSANNENGLI,JIANRUOLETURANG—ZHIWUXITONGZHONGJINSHUQIANYIPINGZHANG,JIAJULEZHONGJINSHUWURANDEWEIHAI。BlakeHEGouldingZAIYINGGUOLUOSANGSHIYANZHANDEYANJIUZHICHU,QIANGSUANXINGTURANG(pH=4)ZAI100NIANZHONGHUOHUALEJIN60%~90%DETURANGZONGGE。R?mkensDENGDUITAIWANTURANG—SHUIDAOXITONG3198GEYANGPINZHONGJINSHUHANLIANGDEDIAOCHAXIANSHI,DABUFENCdHANLIANGCHAOBIAODAOMICHANZITURANGCdHANLIANGBUGAOQUEYANZHONGSUANHUAQUYU。WOMENDUIHUNANSHENGMOUDIDEDIAOCHAYEXIANSHIZAITURANGpH<5.5DECAIDIHESHUIDAOTIANZHONG,SHUCAIHEDAOMICdHANLIANGCHAOBIAOLVFENBIEWEI7.8%HE89.4%;ERZAITURANGpH>6DECAIDIHESHUIDAOTIANZHONG,SHUCAIHEDAOMICdHANLIANGXIANZHUJIANGDIZHI1.3%HE32%。

  WOGUOTURANGSUANHUAMIANJIJIN200WANhm2,JINNIANLAILIANGTIAN、CAIYUANHEGUOYUANSUANHUAQUSHIJUNYOUZENGJIA。GuoDENGZHICHU1980―2000NIANWOGUO5ZHONGDIANXINGTURANGpHJIANGDIFANWEIWEI0.13~0.8unit。QIZHONGSHUIDAOTUSUANHUAZUIWEIYANZHONG,1980―2000NIANSHUIDAOTUpHNIANJUNXIAJIANGSULVWEI0.012unit。ER1988―2013NIAN,SHUIDAOTUpHNIANJUNXIAJIANGSULVSHANGSHENGZHI0.023unit。ZHEYESHIDAOZHIWOGUOJINNIANLAIDAOMICdHANLIANGCHAOBIAOWENTIDUOFA,ERTONGYANGYISHUIDAOWEIZHUYAONONGZUOWUDEQITAYAZHOUGUOJIA(TAIGUO、HANGUO、RIBENDENG)DAOMICdHANLIANGCHAOBIAOWENTIBUTUCHUDEZHUYAOYUANYINZHIYI。

吉林快3  DANFEISHIYONGBUDANG、LIANZUOZHONGZHIZHISUANZUOWUJISUANCHENJIANGSHIZAOCHENGWOGUONONGTIANTURANGSUANHUADEZHUYAOYUANYIN。JIN30NIANLAIWOGUODANFEISHIYONGZONGLIANGZENGCHANGLEJIN200%,NIANDANFEIXIAOFEILIANGZHANDAOQUANSHIJIEDANFEIZONGLIANGDE34%。ERMEIZENGSHI100kghm-2DEDANFEI,SHUIDAOTUpHJIUXIAJIANG0.65unit。WOGUOMEINIANTONGGUOGEZHONGTUJINGSUNSHIDEDANLIANGZHANDAOZONGDANLIANGDE52%,JUGUSUANYINDANSUNSHIMEINIANXIANGTURANGSHIFANG2×104~2.2×105molhm-2DEH+,WEISUANCHENJIANGDE10BEI~100BEI。LIANNIANZHONGCHAZHONGZHIDANYIZHISUANNONGZUOWUJINYIBUJIASULENONGTIANTURANGSUANHUA。JUGUSUANWOGUOMEINIANYOUCHAOGUO20thm-2DEGANWUZHISHENGWULIANGBEISHOUHUO,DAOZHIDALIANGYANJILIZIBEICONGTURANGZHONGYICHU,BINGCHANSHENG1.5×103~2×103molhm-2DEH+。SUANYUSHISUANCHENJIANGDEZHUYAOXINGSHI。ZUOWEISHIJIEDISANDASUANYUQU,SUANYUFUGAIMIANJIZHANDAOWOGUOGUOTUDE40%。HUAZHONGSUANYUQU(YICHANGSHA、ZHUZHOU,GANZHOUHENANCHANGWEIZHONGXIN)SUANYUPINLVGAODA90%YISHANG,ZHEXIEDIQUYESHIJINNIANLAIDAOMICdHANLIANGCHAOBIAOWENTIDUOFADEZHUYAOQUYUZHIYI。

  TIGAODANFEILIYONGLV,KEXUESHIYONGTURANGGAILIANGJI,JIAQIANGZUOWUZHISUANYANJIUHEKONGZHIDAN、LIUWURANWUPAIFANGKEZHUYUHUANJIEWOGUONONGTIANTURANGSUANHUAWENTI。

  2.2TURANGYUANSUSHIHENG

吉林快3  TURANGSHENGTAIXITONGZHONGYIXIEYANJILIZIYUZHONGJINSHUYUANSUZAINONGZUOWUXISHOUHEZHUANYUNZHONGCUNZAIMIQIEDEXIAOCHANGGUANXI。CHANGQIBUHELIDEGENGZUOZHIDUHUIZAOCHENGNONGTIANTURANGYANJILIZIDALIANGLIUSHI,JINYIBUZENGJIALENONGZUOWUDUIZHONGJINSHUDELEIJIFENGXIAN。LIUCHUNSHENGDENGZHICHUJINGSUANYULINRONGDETURANGZAI10NIANZHONGLINSHIK+、Na+、Ca2+HEMg2+ZONGLIANGFENBIEWEI530、567、5071HE781mgkg-1。WangDENGZHICHUCHANGJIANGSANJIAOZHOUDIQU60.7%DENONGTIANCa2+LIUSHIYANZHONG,ZHEXIETURANGZHONGSHOUHUODEXIAOMAIDUICdHENiDELEIJILIANGFENBIESHIFUCa2+TURANGZHONGSHOUHUODEXIAOMAIDUICdHENiLEIJILIANGDE2BEIHE3BEI。

  YangDENGYUJINNIANFAXIANLEDIAOKONGSHUIDAOGENBUXISHOUMn2+HECd2+DEGUANJIANKANGXINGDANBAIJIYIN(OsNRAmp5),CONGFENZICENGMIANJIESHILETURANGMnYUSHUIDAOXISHOUHEZHUANYUNCdGUOCHENGMIQIEXIANGGUAN。WOMENZAIHUNANSHENGMOUDIDEDIAOCHAYEFAXIANDANGTURANGWUDINGXINGMENG(Mnox)DIYU82mgkg-1SHI,DAOMICdFUJIYINZI(PUF)DAYU1DEGAILVGAODA83.8%,ERDANGMnoxTISHENGZHI132mgkg-1SHI,GAIFENGXIANGAILVJIANGWEI29.3%。DANGQIANGAIDIQUTURANGMnPINGJUNHANLIANGZHIYOU248mgkg-1,XIANZHUDIYUHUNANSHENGTURANGMnBEIJINGZHI(459mgkg-1)。WOMENTONGGUODATIANSHIYANJINYIBUYANZHENGLEZENGSHIMnFEI(MnSO4)KEYOUXIAOJIANGDIDAOMICdCHAOBIAO(CONG100%JIANGZHI33.3%)。YINCITURANGMnDEYANZHONGLIUSHISHIZAOCHENGGAIDIQUDAOMICdHANLIANGDAFANWEICHAOBIAODEZHUYAOYUANYINZHIYI。

  TURANGYANJILIZIDELIUSHIYESHIZAOCHENGHENDUOXIUFUCUOSHIZAISHIJIYINGYONGSHIXIAOGUOBUJIADEZHUYAOYUANYINZHIYI。ZHONGJIANTURANGYUANSUPINGHENGYOUZHUYUTISHENGTURANGXIUFUXIAOLVHEBAOZHANGTURANGSHENGTAIXITONGDEJIANKANGYUNZHUAN。

  2.3BUKEXUEDEFAZHANFANGSHI

  JINNIANLAIYOUYULAODONGLICHENGBENZENGJIAHEDAOMICdHANLIANGCHAOBIAOSHIJIANDEFASHENG,WOGUOBUFENDIQUCHUXIANLECHAOLIANGSHIYONGHUAFEI、GAIYONGJINKOULINFEI、SHUIDAOTIANGAICAIDI、SHUANGJIDAOGAIDANJIDAODENGXIANXIANG,JINYIBUJIAJULETURANGZHONGJINSHUWURANDEWEIHAI。

吉林快3  YIXIEDIQUWURENWEICHAOLIANGSHIYONGHUAFEIYOUZHUYUNONGZUOWUXISHOUYINGYANGYUANSU,HUANJIEZHONGJINSHUWEIHAI。SUIRANWOGUOCHANGYONGDEHUAFEIZHONG(YIDANFEI、JIAFEIJIFUHEFEIWEIZHU)ZHONGJINSHUHANLIANGBINGBUGAO,DANZHONGDUOSHIYANZHICHUCHANGQIDALIANGSHIYONGHUAFEIHUIPOHUAITURANGNONGYESHENGTAIFUWUGONGNENG,XIANZHUZENGJIANONGZUOWUDUIZHONGJINSHUDEFUJI。YIXIEDIQUZHENGXIANGGOUMAIGUOWAIJINKOULINFEI,ERWOGUOLINFEIZHONGZHONGJINSHUHANLIANGXIANZHUDIYUSHIJIEZHUYAONONGYEDAGUO。YICdWEILI,WOGUOLINFEIZHONGCdHANLIANGZAI0.08~3.6mgkg-1,ERMOLUOGEHEMEIGUOLINFEIZHONGCdHANLIANGFANWEIFENBIEWEI10~24HE4~100mgkg-1。CIWAI,SUIRANLINFEIZHONGZHONGJINSHUHANLIANGGAOYUQITAFEILIAO,DANWOGUOYOULINFEIDAIRUNONGTIANTURANGZHONGJINSHUDETONGLIANGZHIZHANSHURUZONGLIANGDE1.2%~5.9%。

  JIN30NIANLAIWOGUOCAIDIMIANJIZENGJIALE411%,ERSHUIDAOZHONGZHIMIANJIJIANSHAOLE20.4%。YOUYUGENGZUOFANGSHICHAYI,CAIDIDUITURANGDERAODONGGENGQIANG,CAIDIFEILIAOSHIYONGLIANGWEISHUIDAOTIANSHIFEILIANGDEJIN3BEI,ZHEJINYIBUJIAJULETURANGHUANJINGZHILIANGDEXIAJIANG。ZengDENGZHICHUJIN30NIANLAI,WOGUOCAIDIZHONGJINSHUWURANQUSHIZENGJIAMINGXIAN,24.1%、10.3%HE9.2%DECAIDICd、HgHEAsHANLIANGCHAOCHUGUOJIATURANGHUANJINGZHILIANGBIAOZHUN。ZhangDENGZHICHUSHUITIANGAICAIDIHOU,TURANGpH、YOUJIZHI、WEISHENGWUHUOXINGJUNXIANZHUXIAJIANG,ERTURANGZHONGJINSHUHUOXINGSHANGSHENG。WOMENZAIHUNANSHENGMOUDIDEJIANCEYEBIAOMINGSHUITIANGAICAIDIHOU,TURANGpH,YOUJIZHIHANLIANG,C/NBIJIWUDINGXINGFe、MnHANLIANGJUNXIANZHUJIANGDI。

吉林快3  1998―2006NIAN,WOGUONANFANGYOU1.7×106hm2SHUANGJIDAOGAIWEIDANJIDAO,CHANLIANGSUNSHIDA1.6×107t。ZHEBUJINGEIWOGUONONGYESHENGCHANHEJINGJIFAZHANDAILAIYANZHONGSUNSHI,YEBINGWEIJIEJUEDAOMICdHANLIANGCHAOBIAOWENTI。WOMENDUIHUNANMOUDIDECHANGQIGUANCEXIANSHIZHONGDAOHUODANJIWANDAOCdHANLIANGXIANZHUGAOYUSHUANGJIDAOCdHANLIANG(SHUJUWEIKANCHU)。YOUYUGAIDIMINZHONGSHIYONGZICHANZHONGDAOHUODANJIWANDAODEBILIGAODA89.7%,SHUANGJIDAOGAIDANJIDAOFANERZENGJIALEMINZHONGJINGDAMISHERUCdDEJIANKANGFENGXIAN。YINCIZHENGFUYINGJIAQIANGDUIJINKOULINFEICHANPINDEJIANCE,DUINONGYONGDIGENGZHONGMOSHIDEJIANDU,DUISHESHINONGYEHELISHIFEIZHISHIDEPUJIHEDUIGUOJIAXIANGGUANZHENGCEDEXUANCHUAN。

  

       3風險管控困難

吉林快3  3.1NONGTIANTURANGZHONGJINSHULEIJIQUSHINANYINIZHUAN

  NONGTIANTURANGZHONGJINSHULAIYUANGUANGFAN,DAQICHENJIANG、WUSHUIGUANGAIHEHUAFEIYINGYONGJUNHUIDUINONGTIANTURANGZHONGJINSHUDELEIJICHANSHENGXIANZHUYINGXIANG。

  LuoDENGDUIWOGUOTURANGZHONGJINSHUSHURU/SHUCHUTONGLIANGJINXINGGUSUAN,JIEGUOXIANSHIDABUFENNONGTIANTURANGZHONGJINSHUSHURUTONGLIANGYUEWEISHUCHUTONGLIANGDE3BEI~140BEI。QIZHONGNONGTIANTURANGCdNIANSHURUTONGLIANGGAODA1417t。YIWOGUOTURANGCdPINGJUNBEIJINGZHI(0.097mgkg-1)WEIJICHU,ZAIDANGQIANTURANGCdNIANJUNZENGLIANGQINGKUANGXIA(0.004mgkg-1),JISHIBUKAOLVWAIYUANWURANWU,NONGTIANTURANGCdLEIJILIANGYEHUIZAI50NIANNEICHAOGUOXIANXINGTURANGCdHANLIANGBIAOZHUN(0.3mgkg-1)。QUYUNONGTIANSHENGTAIXITONGCdLEIJIQUSHIYEZAIZHUBUZENGJIA。YIGUANGFANGUANZHUDESHUIDAOTIANCdWURANWEILI,DANGQIANNANFANGSHUANGJIDAONIANJUNCHANLIANGYUEWEI13.5thm-2,ZAIFUHEWOGUODAOMICdANQUANZHILIANGBIAOZHUN(0.2mgkg-1)DEQINGKUANGXIA,ZHONGZHISHUIDAOCHANSHENGDECdNIANSHUCHUTONGLIANGWEI2.7ghm-2,XIANZHUDIYUNIANJUNCdCHENJIANGTONGLIANG(4.0ghm-2)。JISHIBUKAOLVFEILIAOHEGUANGAISHUIDENGZHONGJINSHUSHURUTUJING,SHUIDAOTIANCdHANLIANGYEJIANGCHIXUZENGJIA。

  WOGUOBUFENDIQUYOUJIFEI(YOUQISHICHUQINFENBIAN)HEWUGUANWUSHUIZHONGZHONGJINSHUHANLIANGGUOGAO。JUCESUANJINCONGYANGZHUCHANGDEZHUFENZHONGMEINIANDAIRUNONGTIANDEJIUYOUAs230t,Cu240tHEZn900t。WANGMEIHELISHUTIANDIAOCHALEWOGUOJIN20NIANLAITURANGZHONGJINSHUHANLIANGZAISHIYONGBUTONGFEILIAOHOUDEBIANHUA,JIEGUOXIANSHI82.4%、76.5%、61.1%HE50%DENONGTIANZAISHIYONGYOUJIFEIHOU,TURANGCu、Zn、CdHEPbHANLIANGJIAODUIZHAOFENBIEZENGJIALE0.08~13.98、0~26.5、0~0.34HE1.63~5.31mgkg-1。XINSHUZHENDENGZHICHUWOGUOWUGUANQUNONGTIANZHONGJINSHUWURANMIANJIZHANDAOLEWUGUANZONGMIANJIDE65%,86%DEWUGUANQUSHUIZHIBUFUHEGUANGAIYAOQIU,JIN30NIANLAIWUGUANWUSHUIZHONGCdHANLIANGYOUSHENGGAODEQUSHI。

  KEJIANZAIZHENGTIHUANJINGZHILIANGDEYIGAISHANZHIQIAN,WOGUONONGTIANTURANGZHONGJINSHUWURANCHIXULEIJIQUSHINANYIGAIBIAN。CONGYUANTOUSHANGKONGZHIZHUYAOWURANYUANSUZAINONGTIANTURANGZHONGDEJILEIYOUZHUYUJIANGDINONGCHANPINZHONGJINSHUFUJIFENGXIAN。

吉林快3  3.2TURANG—NONGZUOWUZHONGJINSHULEIJIXIANXINGGUANXIBUXIANZHU

  ZHONGJINSHUZAITURANG—NONGZUOWUXITONGZHONGDEQIANYIHEZHUANYUNSHOUDAOTURANGpH、YOUJIZHIHANLIANG、YANGLIZIJIAOHUANLIANGHEYANGHUAHUANYUANDIANWEIDENGDUOZHONGYINSUYINGXIANG,YINERTURANGYUNONGZUOWUZHONGJINSHUFUJISHUIPINGWUMINGXIANDINGLIANGGUANLIAN。ZHANGHONGZHENDENGDUIWOGUOJIN30NIANLAITURANG—NONGZUOWUXITONGCdLEIJIYANJIUJINXINGZHENGLI,JIEGUOXIANSHITURANGYUDAOMI、XIAOMAIHESHUCAICdHANLIANGZHIJIANXIANXINGGUANXIJIAOCHA,WURANTURANGSHENGCHANCdHANLIANGBUCHAOBIAOSHUIDAO、XIAOMAIHESHUCAI,BUWURANTURANGSHENGCHANCdCHAOBIAOSHUIDAO、XIAOMAIHESHUCAIDEXIANXIANGGUANGFANCUNZAI。WOMENDUIHUNANSHENGMOUDISHUIDAOTIANHECAIDIZHONGJINSHUHANLIANGDECHANGQIJIANCEYEZHENGMINGLEZHEYIXIANXIANG。

  TURANGYUNONGZUOWUZHONGJINSHUHANLIANGXIANXINGGUANXIDEBUXIANZHUZENGJIALELIANGSHIZHILIANGBAOZHANGDEFUZAXING,YEGEINONGTIANTURANGZHONGJINSHUWURANFENGXIANKONGZHIYUGUANLIDAILAILEJIDATIAOZHAN。

  3.3XIUFUJISHUBUWANSHAN

吉林快3  WOGUOTURANGWURANXIUFUJICHUYANJIUYUJISHUYANJIUXIANJIEBUGOU,SHANGWEIXINGCHENGZHENDUINONGTIANZHONGJINSHUWURANTURANGXIUFUDEWANBEITIXI。

  DANGQIANWOGUOCHANGYONGDENONGTIANWURANXIUFUJISHUZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIWULIJISHU、HUAXUEJISHU、SHENGWUJISHUHENONGYIXIUFUCUOSHIDENG4FANGMIAN。QIZHONGWULIXIUFUJISHU(RUKETU)JIANXIAOKUAI、SHIYONGXINGGUANG,DANSHIGONGCHENGLIANGDA,FEIYONGGAO,QIEWOGUOSHANGWEIZHIDINGMANZUBUTONGGONGCHENGYAOQIUDEKETUFAGUICHENG;HUAXUEXIUFUJISHU(RULINXI、GUHUA)CHENGBENDI、XIUFUCAILIAOLAIYUANGUANGFAN,DANJISHUYAOQIUDUO,QIEQUEFAZHENDUIXIUFUFUCHANWUHEXIUFUCAILIAODEHUISHOUJICHULIJISHUGUIFAN,RONGYIZAOCHENGERCIWURAN;SHENGWUXIUFUJISHU(RUCHAOFUJIZHIWU)CHENGBENDI,DUITURANGRAODONGXIAO,DANDABUFENZHONGJINSHUCHAOFUJIZHIWUSHOUQUYUQIHOUTIAOJIANYINGXIANGJIAODA,SHENGWULIANGXIAO、SHENGCHANGHUANMAN;NONGYIXIUFUCUOSHI(RUSHUIFENGUANLI、LUNZUODENG)CAOZUOJIANDAN,DANXIUFUZHOUQICHANG,XIANGGUANJISHUDUOTINGLIUZAISHIYANYANJIUJIEDUAN。

  WOGUOYUJINNIANSHELIZHUANXIANGZIJINZAIDIANXINGWURANQUYUKAIZHANLEYIDINGGUIMODEZHONGJINSHUWURANNONGTIANXIUFUSHIDIANGONGCHENG,QIZHONGCHAOFUJIZHIWUWUGONGCAOZAIGUANGXIHUANJIANGAsWURANNONGTIANTURANGZHONGDEXUANPEIHEYINGYONG,WULI、HUAXUE、SHENGWUHENONGYILIANHEXIUFUJISHUZAIJIANGXIGUIXICuWURANNONGTIANZHONGDEYINGYONG,VIPJISHUMOSHI(PINZHONG-GUANGAI-SUANDUDIAOJIEMOSHI)ZAIHUNANCHANGZHUTANCdWURANSHUIDAOTIANZHONGDEYINGYONG,WEIWURANNONGTIANDEXIUFUTIGONGLEJISHUMOSHIHEGUANLIJINGYAN。DANYOUYUQUEFAXITONGXING、JICHENGXINGDENONGTIANTURANGZHONGJINSHUWURANFANGZHIHEZIYUANHUALIYONGJISHUTIXI,WOGUOZIZHUYANFADEJISHUCHENGGUOSHANGBUCHENGSHU,NANYIWANQUANMANZUDANGQIANNONGTIANTURANGWURANFANGZHIDEXIANSHIXUQIU,ZAIJISHUCHUBEIJIGUIMOHUAYINGYONGSHANGYUFADAGUOJIAXIANGBIHUANCUNZAIJIAODACHAJU。

  3.4XIUFUCUOSHIFENGXIANPINGGUJIZHIQUESHI

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